TOURISM GUIDE AFRICA

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Egypt Tourist Attractions

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There are a lot of Egypt tourist attractions to look forward to on your next visit to Egypt. The attractions in Egypt are among the most visited attractions in Africa. Egypt has a lot of historic beauty and is home to some famous landmarks in Africa. If you have been asking yourself if Egypt is worth visiting, then this guide to the top Egypt sightseeing spots is just what you need.

Egypt Tour Attractions

1. Pyramids of Giza

Cairo tourist attractions

The Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in Giza. Built during the reign of Pharaoh Khufu (2590-2560 B.C.), this iconic structure stands as a testament to Egyptian architecture and engineering prowess even today.
Located on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, the Great Pyramid is a marvel to behold. An estimated 2,300,000 blocks of limestone and granite were used to construct this magnificent feat of engineering: each block weighing an average of 2.5 tonnes! And although no one knows for certain why or how it was built, scientists have speculated that it was constructed as a tomb for Khufu and his burial rituals. It also served as a secret doorway that detailed the incantations and guides necessary for the Pharaoh’s journey into the afterlife. To this day, ancient hieroglyphs remain etched on the walls of its chambers—making it a must-see destination for any history enthusiast or a tourist looking to explore Ancient Egypt’s greatest secrets.

The Pyramids of Giza are the best place to spend a half day in Cairo, and everyone should see them. On the edge of downtown, on the Giza Plateau, these tomb temples from the fourth dynasty have been awe-inspiring to visitors for hundreds of years and remain one of the country’s top attractions.

Book a tour of one of the best Egypt Tourist attractions, the pyramids, and the Egyptian Museum.

2. The Egyptian Museum

The French Egyptologist August Mariette started the museum in 1857, and it moved to its current location in a pink mansion in Downtown Cairo. The Egyptian Museum opened in 1858 in Blq, moved to Al-Jzah (Giza), and finally moved to its current location between 1897 and 1902.

It is the only place where the whole history of Egyptian civilization is shown, especially the artifacts from the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman times. There are more than 100,000 things in the museum. About 1,700 of them came from Tutankhamun’s tomb. One of these is the solid-gold mask that coated the pharaoh’s head.

Other treasures involve reliefs, sarcophagi, papyri, funerary art, the contents of different tombs, ornaments of all kinds, jewelry, and other objects. It also has some empty cases because artifacts have been moved to the GEM, but the exhibits are still so grand that you can’t help but be impressed.

3. Saqqara

tourist attractions in Egypt Cairo

Saqqara was a major cemetery in the ancient city of Memphis. It was on the west bank of the Nile near the entrance to the Nile Delta, where the river started to split into several arms. Its first tombs, built at the start of the 1st Dynasty, were built just on the ridge of the desert plateau, just west of the new capital of Memphis.

On a sunny day, Netjerikhet’s Step Pyramid, its most famous structure, can be seen from both Giza, 17 kilometers to the north, and Dashur, 10 kilometers to the south. Saqqara is about 40 kilometers southwest of Cairo, the capital of Egypt today. The main thing to see in Saqqara is the Walk Pyramid of King Djoser, which is the oldest example of an Egyptian pyramid. However, Saqqara is also home to Saqqara is home to the Step Pyramid of King Djoser. You Can make a day’s journey to Giza and Sakkara to see why Saqqara is one of the must-visit Egypt tourist attractions.

4. Ancient Memphis Egypt

The Ancient Egyptians called the city Min-Nefer. The Greeks later changed the name to Memphis. Egypt was the capital city for most of the time of the Pharaohs. Now, it is a town near Mit Rahina. Memphis was the capital of Ancient Egypt. Memphis was the first capital city to be built after Upper and Lower Egypt were united. The Old Kingdom was always the capital of Ancient Egypt.

Memphis was the place where most people worshipped Ptah, the deity of creation and art. Ptah, his wife Sekhmet, and their son Nefertem were the main gods worshipped in Memphis, and together they made up the Memphis triad. In the past, Egypt’s capital was the city of Memphis. It was the home of the King and the political and administrative center until around 2,200 BC when Upper and Lower Egypt were brought together.

5. The Citadel of Salah-Ad-Din

Saladin built Cairo’s citadel in 1176. It was built on top of the Mokattam Hills to protect the city from the Crusaders. The original structure he built has been gone for a long time, except for the outer walls on the east side. However, rulers who came after him added their parts.

The most famous building and the main reason to go is the Mosque of Muhammad Ali. One of the most famous places in Cairo, the Alabaster Mosque is made of white stone and has tall, thin minarets. The views of the city are another big reason to travel up here. The best view is from the Gawhara Terrace.

6. Old Cairo (Coptic Cairo)

Coptic Cairo is a unique area that is part of Old Cairo. It has a lot of Christian churches and other sites from when Egypt was mostly Christian, between the end of the Harappan religion and the arrival of Islam. Coptic Cairo was built mostly around the fort of Babylon and on the still-existing walls.

For many Christian tourists, though, the Church of St. Sergius and Bacchus is the real highlight of a trip to this area. According to local legend, this is where the Virgin Mary, baby Jesus, and Jesus’ family hid when King Herod killed male babies. The Ben Ezra Synagogue is further into the quarter. It is said to have been built near where the baby Moses has been found in the reeds. You can also visit Egypt’s first mosque, the Mosque of Amr Ibn al-As, outside the quarter.

7. Al-Muizz Li-Din Allah Street

On this street, one of the oldest in Cairo, several beautiful Mamluk buildings have been carefully brought to their former glory. The Madrassa of as-Salih Ayyub, which was built in 1247, shows how peaceful and straightforward Islamic architecture can be. Al-Muizz street is constructed in the walled city of old Cairo, Egypt.

It is one of Cairo’s oldest streets because it was there when Al-Mu’izz li-Din Allah, the 4th caliph of the Fatimid dynasty, built the city in the 10th century. This is if you don’t count the earlier Fustat. In the past, it was the city’s most important artery and was often called the Qasba. It was the main axis of a city’s economic zones, where most of the city’s markets, or souks, were located.

8. Sail Down the Nile River

Cairo tourist attractions

In the evening, hire a felucca and sail down the river Nile – wind dependent as to which direction you’ll head in. Watch the sunset as you enjoy drinks and nibbles on your private boat. Don’t forget to tip the captain once you’re done.

Book one of the top Egypt tourist attractions: Nile River Cruise

9. The Great Sphinx of Giza

The Great Sphinx of Giza, located near the Pyramids at Giza, is the world’s largest monolith statue. This sandstone statue of a human head and a lion’s body stands more than 60 feet high and 240 feet long. It is believed to have been constructed during the reign of Pharaoh Khafra in 2500 BC. It has been featured in many films, books, and television shows throughout history and remains one of Egypt’s most iconic landmarks.
The Sphinx is thought to depict Pharaoh Khafra and is often referred to as “the defender of Egypt.” It has remained intact for close to 5,000 years and is believed to have been carved from a single piece of limestone. It is an incredible spectacle to behold in person and millions of tourists visit it every year. Tourists can explore the inside of the Sphinx and take photographs of it up close. A visit to this iconic landmark offers a rare glimpse into Egypt’s ancient past.

10. The Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the Kings, located on the west bank of the Nile River in Luxor, is a remarkable sight. It served as a burial place for Pharaohs for over five hundred years and is home to more than 63 tombs filled with remarkable treasures and artifacts. From beautifully painted walls depicting ancient battles to tiny cabinets containing mummified cats, you will be fascinated by this ancient landmark. The most famous tomb is that of King Tutankhamun, which was discovered untouched by archaeologists in 1922 and remains one of the best Egypt tourist attractions.
There are numerous ancient hieroglyphs and drawings scattered throughout the Valley of the Kings that depict scenes of daily life and battles epic enough to be in a Hollywood blockbuster. In addition to the tombs, there is also an ancient temple that was used by Egyptians for more than 4,000 years. Tourists can get a guided tour of the Valley of the Kings and learn about its history while they explore this majestic place. It truly is one of Egypt’s most important tourist attractions, so make sure you don’t miss it during your vacation.

11. Abu Simbel Temple

One of the most impressive monuments in all of Egypt is the Abu Simbel Temple. This masterpiece of architecture was created by Pharaoh Ramses II around 1280 BC and is composed of two massive rock-cut temples, each dedicated to the gods Ra-Horakhty, Amun, and Ptah. They were built to celebrate Ramses’ rule and victory at the Battle of Kadesh. The temples feature four seated statues of Ramses II carved out of the cliffs themselves and carvings on the interior walls that depict stories from Pharaoh’s life. It is one sight you won’t want to miss when visiting Egypt!
The Temples of Abu Simbel are said to be one of the most breathtaking structures in all of Egypt. Located on the bank of the Nile, this wondrous and historic structure is a must-see for anyone visiting Egypt. Not only is it an architectural masterpiece with stunning visuals inside and out, but it is also home to some of the most ancient carvings and hieroglyphics that have been preserved. Once you step inside, you will be taken aback by how massive these temples are and how their walls depict stories from Pharaoh’s life in detailed artworks – something truly captivating about these monuments! A visit to the Abu Simbel Temples is an absolute must for any traveler in Egypt looking for a glimpse of history.

12. Karnak Temple

Last on our list of the best Egypt tourist attractions is Karnak Temple. Immersing yourself in the grandeur of Karnak Temple is an experience like no other. This ancient site was built over 2000 years ago, making it one of the oldest and most elaborate religious structures on the planet. It consists of multiple temples, enclosures, and other monuments made from sandstone, granite, and limestone. There are numerous impressive structures throughout the temple including a hypostyle hall with 134 massive columns, a sacred lake for ritual purifications, as well as numerous statues depicting Ramses II. You’ll also find intricate hieroglyphics adorning several walls that include information about pharaohs who ruled during this time. Karnak Temple is truly a remarkable sight!
When exploring Karnak Temple, it’s best to give yourself at least two or three hours to avoid feeling rushed. This way you can enjoy all the highlights of the complex such as the Opet Festival Hall, Sacred Lake, and Great Hypostyle Hall. It’s a great idea to visit with a guide to learn about the temple’s past. Whether you are visiting for an hour or a day, Karnak Temple is an unforgettable tourist attraction that can’t be missed!